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Docker Command Reference

Create/start/stop a Container

  • Create and run a container
$ sudo docker run -it --rm <target-container> bash
  • List all (running and stopped) containers
$ sudo docker ps -a
  • Run a command in a running container
$ sudo docker exec -it <target-container> bash
  • Stop/start/restart/remove a container
$ sudo docker stop <target-container>
$ sudo docker start <target-container>
$ sudo docker restart <target-container>
$ sudo docker rm <target-container>
  • Check resource usage statistics of a container
$ sudo docker stats <target-container>
  • Check log output of a running container
$ sudo docker logs -f <target-container>

Advanced Configurations

  • Map persistent storage volume
# host-src: an absolute path or a name value
# options: rw, ro
$ sudo docker run --rm \
    -v [host-src:]container-dest[:<options>] \

Manage Docker Images

  • Create a docker image
$ sudo docker build . -t <image-name>:<tag> -f ./Dockerfile
# Do not use cache when building the image
$ sudo docker build . -t <image-name>:<tag> -f ./Dockerfile --no-cache
  • List all images
$ sudo docker image list
  • Remove a docker image
$ sudo docker image rm <image-name>:<tag>
$ sudo docker rmi <image-name>:<tag>
  • Tag a docker image
$ sudo docker tag <image-id-or-name> <image-name>:<tag>
  • Create a new image from a container’s changes
# first check changes
$ sudo docker diff <target-container>
# if all changes are okay, commit changes
$ sudo docker commit -a "author-name" -m "change msg" <target-container> <image-name>:<tag>
  • Push/pull image from/to a docker registry
$ sudo docker pull <image-name>:<tag>
$ sudo docker push <image-name>:<tag>

Docker Compose

Sample compose

version: '3'
    privileged: true
      - /dev/video0:/dev/video101
    image: "sample-image:latest"
    mem_limit: 512m
    mem_reservation: 128M
        driver: "json-file"
            max-file: "5"
            max-size: "10m"
    network_mode: "host"
      - "/opt/config.yaml:/config.yaml"
    command: ["arg1", "/config.yaml"]
    restart: unless-stopped
    image: "sample-image:latest"
    user: root
        driver: "json-file"
            max-file: "5"
            max-size: "10m"
    network_mode: "host"
    command: ["arg1", "arg2", "arg3"]
    restart: unless-stopped

Note that you need to enable cgroup function for resource limit (ram/cpu). The reservation memory size should be smaller than the memory limit. [3]

Check Resource Usage

$ sudo docker stats

Nvidia Docker

You may need to pass in additional arguments to use the nvidia runtime:

$ sudo docker run --runtime=nvidia --network host -it <image-name>:<tag>

Allow containers to communicate with Xorg

$ sudo xhost +
$ sudo docker run -it --rm --net=host --runtime nvidia -e DISPLAY=$DISPLAY -v /tmp/.X11-unix/:/tmp/.X11-unix

Option explained:

  • -it means run in interactive mode
  • --rm will delete the container when finished
  • --runtime nvidia will use the NVIDIA container runtime while running the l4t-base container
  • -v is the mounting directory, and used to mount host’s X11 display in the container filesystem to render output videos


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